[Dino] builds a simple non-contact voltage detector

homemade_voltage_detector

[Dino] is back with another installment of his Hack a Week series, and in this episode he is taking on what he promises will be the last transistor-based project – at least for a little while.

In the video embedded below, he shows off a homemade voltage detector circuit that he constructed using a trio of BC547 NPN transistors. The circuit is pretty simple though very useful all the same. At one end, the device has a small copper strip, which is connected to the base of the first transistor. The emitter of that transistor is daisy chained to the base of the second transistor and so on, until reaching the indicator LED.

As noted by one of [Dino’s] viewers, the circuit functions as follows:

“The front end copper strip forms one side of a capacitor, and then when you bring it near a voltage potential a super tiny current flows between air dielectric of the “cap”. This is mega amplified with the high gain BC547′s and viola, the LED lights up.”

Since the small bit of current is amplified many times over, the LED lights up even when very small voltages are present. While we might not necessarily trust our lives to [Dino’s] voltage detector, we’re sure it would come in handy now and again.

Comments

  1. Doc Oct says:

    It’s hilarious that this article is on a site called “hack a week”. Someone should start a “hack a month” site, and link it to this article here.

    What would the signal at the diode look like if you hooked up an oscope? Could you see a garbled 60hz hum from a powerline?

    • N0LKK says:

      So where’s the link to hack a month? I’m not sure what you would see across the LED. The LED is powered by DC, and because it’s a rectifier it may rectify ant AC that it sees.

  2. andrew says:

    Does something on the strip need to be plugged in and on in order to see the led light up?

    • DoktorJ says:

      I’m guessing no, since it says “voltage potential”.

    • N0LKK says:

      No because its detecting the electromagnetic field associated with to conductor.

    • N0LKK says:

      So basically this is a simple field strength meter, that uses a LED indicator rather that a meter? One that use a high gain amplifier to make up for a less than ideal antenna at most frequencies, and a weak electromagnetic field. While not particularly useful, it would be a fun circuit to introduce to newcomers to electronics. The cat had a bit of attitude. Like if I wanted up here I’d wold jump up here when you don’t want be here

      No matter how I determine if a circuit is dead, I still work on it if it’s a live circuit. I do my best to remember not to grab a conductor with out first bushing the buck of it with a finger. Giver the number of times that practice prevented from grabbing live metal electrical inclosures in the oil field I pretty much remember.

      In one internet forum I ran across a fella that says to be sure the branch circuit is dead he shorts it out to trip the breaker. I replied asking if he was aware in of the amount a current a grid connected could deliver under short circuit condition, and hoe dangerous or, destructive his “safety” practice could be? In the event I was able to find the supporting evidence I seen in the ’70s in in school on the internet, he is unlikely to believe me,and he comes across on of those who wouldn’t believe it if I could.

      • cgimark says:

        Us old timers follow the one hand rule. Keep one hand in your pocket when working with electrical circuits of any serious potential and always assume the wires are live when doing so.

      • Garbz says:

        The electrical field service manual for the Navy in the late 50s had a simple effective method of testing for dead. Simply touch the circuit with the flat part of the back of your hand.

        I kid you not.

        They also had a method for testing confirmed ultra low voltage circuits (<24V). Lick them.

        Times have changed. These days we're not allowed to work on a circuit even after it's tested for dead without identifying the source of power at the other end and effectively isolating.

  3. dmcbeing says:

    I think that circuit is a charge(static electricity ) detector.
    I think the same schematic ( but with Darlington transistors ) is uses for touch sensitive buttons.
    Is anyone more informed?

  4. I thought this was called a PicoAmmeter I built one of these with a gain of 2,000,000:1 if I remember correctly the multipliers.

  5. Erik Johnson says:

    I remember building one of these by accident when I was like 10. Using chained NPN PNP NPN PNP – if the chain was long enough and the LED lit when not “near” a source, just my moving around near it would change the brightness. If hooked to a speaker, you can clearly hear the EMF (60Hz usually)

  6. hackersmith says:

    If @Dino is reading this some 555 projects would be fun. A lot of people would be surprised how to build some circuits without a microcontroller using nothing but some passives and a 555.

  7. Dino says:

    @hackersmith
    Good idea. I’ll do some 555 stuff in the coming weeks after I get a few crafty projects out of the way.:)

  8. teeh says:

    Maybe we can get more information at original p
    project site http://talkingelectronics.com/projects/200TrCcts/200TrCcts.html
    ( search for 8 MILLION GAIN! )
    and from a real ghost finder user
    http://letsmakerobots.com/node/18933

    my two cents.

    • David says:

      @teeh ah, somebody beat me to it! The ghost link: The circuit diagram is just three transistors, but the circuit you see him waving about appears to be more complicated. I don’t suppose you know where there’s a diagram for it? It would have been interesting to add a speaker to that one!

  9. Dino says:

    @teeh

    2 cents well noted! I posted a link to that site in my blog a few project posts back. It’s a great place to find all sorts of transistor based projects and there’s something to learn from each one.

  10. cgimark says:

    Darlington transistors are a hack ?

  11. cgimark says:

    A similar circuit with higher gain is in the old forest mims books from radio shack, the mini handbooks.

  12. pitichai says:

    question?
    1) Can I low sensitivity of the detector by change some resistance.
    2) Can I measure in the water by cover the contact with shield ? I have done it work, but wanna test for safty area that we should not get close by. (flooding in Thailand)

    Best Regards,
    PP

  13. witty says:

    I built it with the same schematic except R led is 2k because I don’t have 220ohm and I thank it will work fine, but the led always turn on and when it detect AC voltage it will flashing.

    • teeh says:

      An little improvement can be done using a small capacitor in serie with antena, then the led will only blink at AC and blind at DC.

      And yes could use a inductor to do oposite (vice-versa).

      And a 3-way switch to turn on/off.

      2 cents

  14. priyanka says:

    i had made this ckt bt led is continuously glow… bt cant sense the mains voltage…? tell me what to do ? please reply me..

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