A Six-Voice Synth Built On The Raspberry Pi

Over the last few decades, audio synthesizers have been less and less real hardware and more and more emulations in software. Now that we have tiny powerful computers that merely sip down the watts, what’s the obvious conclusion? A six-voice polyphonic synthesizer built around the Raspberry Pi.

The exquisitely named ‘S³-6R’ synthesizer is a six-voice phase modulation synthesizer that outputs very high resolution (24-bit and 96 kHz) audio. It’s the product of R-MONO Lab, who have displayed interesting musical devices such as a recorder-based pipe organ in the past. This build is a bit more complex, offering up some amazing sounds, all generated on a Raspberry Pi 3.

While talk of oscillators and filters is great, what’s really interesting here is the keyboard itself. The S³-6R is using the Roland K-25m, a tiny MIDI keyboard meant to serve as a ‘dock’ of sorts for Roland’s recent re-releases of the classic Jupiter and Juno synths. Building a MIDI keyboard is not easy by any stretch of the imagination, and using this little keyboard dock is a cheap way to pipe MIDI notes into any project without a lot of fuss.

Below, you can check out the audio demos of the S³-6R. It’s a real synth and sounds great. We can only hope the software will be uploaded somewhere eventually.

 

14 thoughts on “A Six-Voice Synth Built On The Raspberry Pi

      1. As an unofficial hack-or-not-hack judge, I’m going to rule in favor of this thing being a hack. Because (1) they’re using a Roland keyboard dock which wasn’t meant for this purpose. (2) they put a Raspberry Pi into it, instead of some commercial hacker-unfriendly DSP chip. It’s hackable although most of the secret sauce is going to be the C or C++ code that is doing the synthesis. And (3) the laser-cut acrylic top with the cutout window is very hackerriffic.

        A not 100% hacker-friendly hack. But a hack.

      2. Don’t worry.

        I just bought a K25m for my JP-08.
        But my intention is to hack the pinout for the 16-pin ribbon to be able to connect full size keys to the Boutique synths.

        So you will at least get that interface out in the open.

  1. This makes me miss the DX7 that I owned about 20 years ago. I never learned to play it properly and sold it. I didn’t realize that I’d need a sequencer for what I wanted to do.

  2. I’m actually working on a similar project involving a RasPi and some 18-bit DACs from Analog Devices. It’s a shame that they’re not publishing build details or source code. I think the Raspberry Pi has some serious promise as an audio hardware MCU given its power, available RAM, and the relative ease with which one can get bare metal C running on it. I’d like to see more projects like this.

    I wonder if the software for this project is built on an OS like ChibiOS/RT or if it’s totally OS-free. I’m guessing the former given that it’s limited to six voice polyphony, as phase modulation synthesis is pretty computationally cheap.

    1. The learning curve for setting up a MIDI keyboard or Amp FX pipeline is maybe 1 day with the right cable.
      https://qjackctl.sourceforge.io/
      http://jack-keyboard.sourceforge.net/
      http://jack-rack.sourceforge.net/
      http://home.gna.org/jackmixer/
      http://guitarix.org/
      http://rakarrack.sourceforge.net/
      http://zynaddsubfx.sourceforge.net/
      http://freecode.com/projects/qsynth

      Editors:
      https://musescore.org/
      https://qtractor.sourceforge.io/qtractor-index.html
      http://www.audacityteam.org/

      A pi3 will run the several Jack based programs you need to generate audio feeds on HDMI audio .
      (You may not find some of these in the repo, and thus may have to compile from source.)

      My only complaint about the Jack system was it is still too complicated to set-up initially for kids, but the FOSS community did a great job of connecting the many FX projects using a standard API.
      http://www.jackaudio.org/applications/
      http://www.rncbc.org/drupal/node/76
      https://help.ubuntu.com/community/HowToJACKConfiguration
      https://help.ubuntu.com/community/HowToQjackCtlConnections
      http://www.jackaudio.org/faq/linux_rt_config.html

      The was a program around for schema based auto-configuration of Jack Internal Audio Routing, but I can’t recall the name.
      The rabbit hole is deep on this API…

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