Hackaday Links: June 26, 2022

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Head for the hills!! We’re all doomed! At least that’s the impression you might get from the headlines about the monster Earth-facing sunspot this week. While any sunspot that doubles in size within a matter of days as AR3038 has done is worth looking at, chances are pretty low that it will cause problems here on Earth. About the best this class of sunspot can manage is an M-class solar flare, which generally cause radio blackouts only at the poles, and may present a radiation problem for the crew of the ISS. So no, this sunspot is probably not going to kill us all. But then again, this is the 2020s, and pretty much everything bad seems like it’s possible.

Speaking of bad outcomes, pity the poor Sonos customers and their ongoing battle with the company’s odd “glitches.” For whatever reason, customers have been getting shipments of Sonos products they never ordered, with at least one customer getting over $15,000 worth of products shipped. The customer reports ordering five Sonos items, but the company saw fit to fill the order six times, stuffing their apartment with goods. Sonos doesn’t appear to be doing much to make it right; while offering the customer free shipping labels to return the goods, they were expected to schlep the packages to a UPS store. And then there’s the money — Sonos charged the customer for all the unordered goods, and won’t issue a refund till it’s all returned.

If you’ve ever wondered exactly what the signals going up and down your cable line look like, you’ll want to check out this video from Double A Labs. Using an RTL-SDR dongle and some spectrum analyzer software they probed the RF signals on the cable, with some fascinating results. The first 11 minutes or so of the video are devoted to setting up the hardware and software, although there is some interesting stuff about broadband network architecture right up at the start. The scans are interesting — you can clearly see the 6-MHz quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) digital channels. We were surprised to learn that these start at just about the FM broadcast band — about 108 MHz. There were a couple of little surprises hiding in the spectrum, like two unmodulated analog TV carriers in one spot, and the fact that there are over 400 virtual channels jammed into 41 6-MHz QAM channels. Broadband indeed.

On a related note, we got a tip this week on an RF design series on YouTube that looks pretty comprehensive. It covers the basics, from filters and impedance matching to RF oscillators and amps. Each video is from 15 to 30-ish minutes long, so pretty digestible, and the production quality is good. You might want to check it out if you need to get up to speed on the Dark Arts.

And finally, if none of the above tickles your fancy, or if you just really need to relax, you might want to devote a half-hour to watching an analog plotter do its thing. It comes to us from our friend CuriousMarc, who recently repaired the classic Hewlett Packard 7035B X-Y recorder, a beautiful 1960s design with some interesting features. Chief among these is the use of photochoppers to deal with the DC offset on the input. Marc explains it all in the original teardown and repair videos, leaving us with nothing but the slow Cartesian dance of the pen in an (almost) never-ending Lissajous pattern. It’s very soothing.

13 thoughts on “Hackaday Links: June 26, 2022

  1. Cable stuff will have up to 4096 QAM! DOCSIS 3.1 standard included that.


    Also the 6MHz channels are going away, in future DOCIS standards. 3.1 supports them for backward compatibility.

    Some of the DOCSIS standards are on-line. https://www.cablelabs.com/technologies/docsis-3-1

    If you actually build stuff you can get access to all the standard.

  2. Seems to me that the Sonos customers have a valid claim to have a chargeback on their credit cards for a fraudulent transaction. They presumably have the receipts to give their credit card companies as proof of what they actually ordered. If a few customers did that successfully, I’m sure Sonos would find a way to fix the “glitch” real quick. I’d be fine with sending the crap back, if they had a courier come to me for pick it up. I would be disinclined to go out of my way to fix their screw up for them. Of course, after reading this, I wouldn’t buy anything Sonos to begin with.

    1. (IANAL but…) In the US you are not required to return any product shipped to you that you did not order. Presumably you could dispute the charge and keep the extra speakers. This is what I’d do if they had the balls to ask for me to cover return shipment to get refunded.

      1. They should also file with the FTC.

        I have (and love) a Pontiac Solstice GXP. 300HP, 360ft-lbs of torque in a small awesome looking package. A couple years ago my airbag sensor just stopped working, and was throwing a CEL. If cleared it would come right back and couldn’t pass the state inspection.

        There was a recall for that exact issue. I took it to the shop and 3 months later they still had my car. They refused to give me a loaner and had no eta for repair. I consulted with a lawyer who recommended filing with the FTC and a bunch of State agencies and if that failed going after them for constructive theft, since the car was undrivable due to a known issue they were responsible for.

        Less than a week after filing the complaints, I was getting regular calls from a VP of consumer relations with updates (instead of me calling and them dodging), I had a loaner car, and 2 weeks later I had my car back fixed.

  3. Livescience article is junk. The only thing about solar flares (they mean CMEs, but whatever) that travel at the speed of light is the visual information that such a thing is happening. The rest of the junk (which I hope Carrington’s us back to the 1800s sooner rather than later), takes a much more leisurely pace to get here

  4. CuriousMarc’s YT channel is amazing! I discovered it a few years back for his work restoring an Apollo AGC to working condition and using it to simulate a moon landing. I’ve since started from his first restorations (after some R2-D2 build videos), and I’m watching them all in order. At this time I’m about 2-3 years behind his newest videos, but catching up fast. They’re absolutely fascinating and I’ve learned quite a bit about old (and new) computers. One of my favorites was his side quest of repairing a piece of test equipment before he could proceed with the main restoration.

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