RFID Doing More than ID

RFID is a workhorse in industrial, commercial, and consumer markets. Passive tags, like work badges and key fobs, need a base station but not the tags. Sensors are a big market and putting sensors in places that are hard to reach, hostile, or mobile is a costly proposition. That price could drop, and the sensors could be more approachable with help from MIT’s Auto-ID Lab who are experimenting with sensor feedback to RFID devices.

Let’s pretend you want to measure the temperature inside a vat of pressurized acid. You’d rather not drill a hole in it to insert a thermometer, but a temperature sensor sealed in Pyrex that wirelessly transmits the data and never runs out of power is a permanent and cheap solution. The researchers have their sights set on glucose sensing and that news come shortly after Alphabet gave up their RFID quest to measure glucose through contact lenses. Shown the top of this article is a prototype for a Battery Assisted Passive (BAP) RFID sensor that uses commodity glucose testing strips, sending data when the electrochemical reaction occurs. It uses six of these cells in parallel to achieve a high enough peak current to trigger the transmission. But the paper (10.1109/RFID.2018.8376201 behind paywall) mentions a few strategies to improve upon this. However, it does prove the concept that the current spike from the test strips determines the time the tag is active and that can be correlated to the blood glucose detected.

How many of our own projects would instantly upgrade with the addition of a few sensors that were previously unobtainable on a hacker budget? Would beer be brewed more effectively with more monitoring? How many wearables would be feasible with battery-free attachments? The sky is the figurative limit.

Thank you, [QES] for the tip [via TechXplore]

25 thoughts on “RFID Doing More than ID

    1. I am not familiar with NFCKill specifically but if it is an attack where the tag is given a kill command, permanently bricking it, then it would be an issue. I have played around with Sparkfun’s UHF RFID shield and those tags have a very obvious kill command. I believe it blows an internal fuse. Is that how NFCKill works or does it write garbage and write-protect the data?

      1. NFCKill dumps a shitload of energy into the aether, hoping to EMP-fry the target device. Give it some certification and you can charge a lot in security situations where customers want guaranteed destruction of old keys, and are too much a set of pussies to just use a blowtorch. Or maybe a drill.

        It’s just struck me I have no idea what the collective noun for that is.

    1. I have been trying to do this myself! Poor luck soldering to the antenna traces though. You have no idea how happy it makes me to see that it has been done and that I can do it myself. NFCKill was mentioning that these tags could be vulnerable to bricking attacks and keeping a tag “offline” most of the time, could avoid some roaming ne’er-do-well’s attacks. Thank you for the link.

    2. There was a story on HAD a couple of months ago, about a team who’ve got an RFID tag to power a keypad, 12 buttons, entirely passively. There aren’t even any real “components”, it’s all just printed foil on a backing, producing the necessary resonant pieces. The keypad is capacitive buttons, ie only one contact per key. And just this elaborate piece of foil is enough to perturb RFID waves in such a way that the pad can be read from a reasonable distance, with several uniquely identifiable units.

      Actually it might be Wifi and not RFID now I think…

      https://hackaday.com/2018/09/19/touch-anything-and-everything/

      It was Wifi! Still dead clever, and a similar principle.

      1. Cheaper units (cars) used the ABS system by measuring the rotation of the wheels/tyres. A tire/tyre low on air pressure will turn a bit slower than the others. But the main drawbacks of that system, are that it only works while the car is moving, and it doesn’t work (as well?) if more than one tyre/tire is low in pressure.

      1. Ultrasonic is good. Magnetic flow meters also won’t obstruct flow, but the working fluid needs to be conductive. None of these are really low power though. For low power, I think a differential pressure measurement would be best, but that obviously is going to restrict the flow.

        1. Yeah, but if you have nice enough pressure sensors, you can just install them a few feet away from each other on the existing plumbing, and measure the pressure drop that was already deemed acceptable when the system was built with that plumbing in the first place.

          It’s like tapping either end of a power wire and treating it as an ammeter shunt — calibration takes a moment (and varies a bit with temperature), but you can claim zero shunt losses.

      1. Many pressure sensors work in that way. You have a sealed chamber at a certain pressure, with a hole on it. Across the hole is a membrane that measures stretch. The sensed pressure is on the other side from the pressurised chamber, so ballooning and stretching the membrane. So a pressure sensor is often just a stretch sensor + a known pressure.

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